Down the memory lane………………
Dr. Henry faulds (1843-1930) , a graduate of the university of Glasgow was the first to suggest the finger-bulb markings as a means of identification of criminals. In an article published in “nature” in 1880 entitled “on the skin furrows of the hand” Faulds wrote that “when bloody finger-marks or impressions on clay, glass etc. exist, they may lead to the scientific identification of criminals…….the pattern was unique.”
It is not known who and when first used finger prints for identification purpose, but the study of hands and uses of finger prints can be traced back to the very earliest form of civilization.
Do you know?
The sacred sign in Hindu sastra which we called “swastika” is considered to be a right thumb impression of a person.
Sir Edward Henry, the then Inspector General of Bengal were assisted by two Indian officers of Bengal khan Bahadur Azizul Haque and Roy Bahadur Hemchandra Bose,in developing finger print classification system.
The first “Finger Print Bureau” in the world was officially established in Kolkatka on 12 june 1897 at Writers’ Building.
How it works.....
Finger print is a science based on two main characteristics, one is persistency and another is Individuality. The raised lines on the palmer and planter surfaces are called “ridges”. These ridges are first discernable in the fourth month of foetal life and fully formed by six month in mothers’ womb, once these ‘ridges’ formed never changed its pattern and its relative position till the body is decomposed after death.
Moreover, these pattern and its relative position are different for every individual person, not only that these relative positions defer from one finger to another finger of a person.
So, finger print of a person is unique from rest of the population in this world. once finger print of a person if found , he/she can be traced with out any shadow of doubt.
The world's first finger print bureau is built on the pioneering work of Sir William Herschel, then Chief Magistrate of Jungipore in Hooghly District of Bengal, who started using finger prints as identification marks in documents.
On June 12, 1887, the council of Governor General of India approved a committee report that finger prints should be used for classification of criminal records. Since then it has helped in solving some of the most intriguing and complex cases.
The main object of the Finger Print Bureau and the Finger Print and Criminal Tracking (FACT) is to establish the identity of a criminal by the comparison of his finger prints, received from the Districts with the Finger print of the Criminal kept on record in the Bureau. The Bureau will also assist in the comparison of Finger prints of unidentified dead bodies with the records available in the Bureau or with such other sample provided by the Police, for identification.